5th International Conference of the Research Network Private Urban Governance & Gated Communities
Santiago, Chile - March 30th to April 2nd 2009
Deadline: October 31, 2008
Urban design panel: Gated Communities and the Role of Urban Design
This panel aims to investigate the urban design dimension of the increasingly ubiquitous gated communities. It seeks to define key aspects that should be defined by public policy in order to ensure a quality public realm is produced between adjacent communities. The panel welcomes papers that explore the design of these communities in different cultural contexts but which generally follow three lines of inquiry: — Do the physical features of GCs matter and how? This line of inquiry intends to examine the relationship between physical characteristics of GCs and their local and city-wide social-spatial consequences. In particular, what are the 'segregative characteristics' of different types of GCs, and how do their design features function and impact on the public realm? These physical features include morphological elements, transit stops, community and commercial facilities and amenities. — How do the design characteristics of GCs evolve/ materialise through development processes that involve various players (e.g. politicians, planners, architects, developers, etc.)? What is the role of public policy in defining the design parameters of such communities? How can a mutually beneficial relationship between different communities be regulated, and the creation of a positive public realm ensured? Cross-national analysis is welcomed to explore the applicability and variation of urban design approach in different development contexts. For instance, what are the differences between low, medium and high density communities in this regard? — What is implied by GCs for conventional theories and principles in urban design, especially for residential neighbourhoods? What happens to conventional urban design doctrines, for instance crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED), in the face of a city dominated by large scale gated communities? How can we evaluate the ongoing morphological transformation of GCs with respect to the ideals of sustainable urban form?